Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Bruises - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide


  • s   Bruises are injuries to the soft tissue
  • s   It is an 'area of discoloration' on the skin
  • s   Other names - Hematoma, Contusion
  • s   Can last for days to several months
  • s   Sports Injuries
  • s   Accidents
  • s   Falls
  • s   Blows from objects/people
  • s   Chances increase if taking medications, like Aspirin
  • s   Subcutaneous-underneath the skin
  • s   Intramuscular - within the underlying muscles
  • s   Periosteal-bruise related to bone
Related events
  • s   Small veins and capillaries under the skin breaks
  • s   Blood escapes and collects under skin
  • s   In the beginning bruises look purplish or red
  • s   In 2 days it may change to black or blue color
  • s   It changes to a green/yellow color in 5 days
  • s   Changes to a brown shade in 10-14 days
  • s   It further lightens and fades away
  • s   The changing colors indicates red cell metabolism
  • s   Pain
  • s   Swelling
  • s   Discoloration
  • s   Most bruises vanish in 2 weeks time
  • s   No bandage required if skin is not broken
  • s   Keep bruised area raised
  • s   Apply cold compress, ½ hr to one hr at a time
  • s   Continue this for two days
  • s   Do not apply ice directly on skin
  • s   Can take pain killing medications, like acetaminophen
  • s   Avoid draining the bruise using needle
  • s   Avoid using the bruised part
  • s   For more serious injury consult a doctor
  • s   Consult also in case of spontaneous injury/infection
  • s   Protein-bioflavinoids-Vit C rich food helps healing
  • s   Teach children safety measures
  • s   Avoid falls around house
  • s   Wear seat belts while driving
  • s   Wear helmet while riding
  • s   While sporting, pad frequently- bruised areas

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